SODIUM BICARBONATE INJECTION is indicated as an alkalinising agent in the treatment of metabolic acidosis which may occur in many conditions including diabetes, starvation, hepatitis, cardiac arrest, shock, severe dehydration, renal insufficiency, severe diarrhoea, Addisons disease or administration of acidifying salts (e.g. excessive sodium chloride, calcium chloride, ammonium chloride). SODIUM BICARBONATE INJECTION is also used to increase urinary pH in order to increase the solubility of certain weak acids (e.g. cystine, sulphonamides, uric acid) and in the treatment of certain intoxications (e.g. methanol, phenobarbitone, salicylates, lithium) to decrease renal absorption of the drug or to correct acidosis.